An emphasis on grace and beauty of melody and form, … Clarity. The main characteristics of Classical Music Lighter, cleaner texture than Baroque, less complicated; mainly homophonic – melody above chordal accompaniment (but counterpoint by no means forgotten). x���Mk�@�����9F�ݙM�I@�-=iS������nRh����q?f�g����P. Carissimi: Jephte 1650 4. They used what is known as a melodic soprano line supported by a bass line. Baroque Music Baroque music describes an era and a set of styles of European classical music which were in widespread use between approximately 1600 and 1750. This type of construction adopted the Roman way of architecture but instead modernized it to a new fashion with an aim to show the might of the Roman Catholic Church.Baroque architecture was used to signify the wealth and power of the Catholic Church. contrast in music. Unity of Mood •music expressed one basic mood (joy, grief, etc.) Characteristics. 13 0 obj The music of the Baroque era emphasized a single melody and a bass line. Baroque dance was inseparable from music and theater, with its role in multimedia spectacles giving it a dramatic power and an expressive passion. Music during the Renaissance Period became an important leisure activity. H�\��j�0E�� This music sparkles and shines in an Allegro tempo. ��!�g�}8p&k��ʟ˨ ]������g0[N Β�,�-%T�'6nND"�!$�&�&iO�*�� �7��Ņ-a�Y��Y�S�T�S�����e��@���,�&�[�ʞl gD�� �"T��V����v�:���ܻ�\/�v�Rgp�����P��T���J�#t��6�m��66&�ߊWHe\S�72�|/�*+w��쪃\�^L�5�*SԷ�`������ ����3G�@�B�I Interpretations of historical scope of "early music" vary. This era is said to begin in music after the Renaissance and was followed by the Classical music era. Early music generally comprises Medieval music (500–1400) and Renaissance music (1400–1600), but can also include Baroque music (1600–1750). The voice line followed the natural speech rhythms of the words.This style of writing for the voice (half singing and half reciting) became known asrecitative. 11 0 obj • Forms: Binary form is very important. 0000050206 00000 n -�E�#���14/���i�jY����MH�[GHs�jFɾ>Ԯ�d�s�I������\;'�\��L�U����"���. endobj What are the characteristics of Baroque music? <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 720 540] /Contents 14 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 1>> The middle class too, influenced the development of the baroque style, for example prosperous merchants and doctors commissioned realistic landscapes and scenes from everyday life. Music of Medieval, Renaissance. Each period has its distinctive characteristics, historical and cultural background. Nearly all baroque music that is played on the piano today was originally played on the harpsichord. <> Churches used the emotional and theatrical qualities of art to make worship more attractive and appealing. 14 0 obj Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque Music introduction The first three periods of Western Music History are classified as Medieval, Re-naissance, and Baroque. 2 0 obj stream They should begin to identify specific thematic elements. General Characteristics of the Renaissance "Renaissance" literally means "rebirth." Allegri: Missa Vidi turbam magnam 1640s 3. What are the characteristics of Baroque music? The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. Vernacular oratorio, including influence of opera 1. How would you describe Baroque music? Characteristics of Baroque Music 8. • Instrumental music begins to become far more important during this style period. Baroque musical essence. <> Baroque Assessment Play four selections and have students identify which two are characteristic of Baroque music. During the Baroque period in England, the Metaphysical poets were particularly popular, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature. In Baroque music, the left hand notes were often completely independent of the right hand notes, both going off on their own solo adventures and creating a sense of harmony that way. endobj 0000004042 00000 n Baroque iconography was direct, obvious, and dramatic, intending to appeal above all to the senses and the emotions. All content in this area was uploaded by Hare Kilicaslan on Mar 17, 2016 . This era followed the Renaissance, and was followed in turn by the Classical era. Architecture and Music in the Baroque Period.pdf. •dominance of melody and bass line in 4 part texture, inner voices were indicated by numbers rather than written in the score. Content uploaded by Hare Kilicaslan. and Baroque Periods Music of the Medieval Period (700 1400) The Medieval period is also known as the Middle Ages or Dark Ages that started with the fall of the Roman Empire. Baroque Music BAROQUE SACRED MUSIC Looking back from our own modern viewpoint, of the great pieces of music from the Baroque era, there is a pretty even split between the sacred and the secular. In matters of music, one of the traits that define the music from the baroque period is the connection and expression of the liturgical themes. This distinctive “polarity” of the treble and bass lines is what gives Baroque music its unique structure. Baroque music forms a major portion of the classical music canon, being widely studied, endobj This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. h�bb�e`b``� � 3� � endstream endobj 60 0 obj <>/Metadata 15 0 R/Pages 14 0 R/StructTreeRoot 17 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences<>>> endobj 61 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 62 0 obj <>stream One of the main differences between Baroque and Classical music is musical phrasing.Thanks for your comments and likes. 0000001326 00000 n The Baroque period in music was long and eventful, and covers the development of both the orchestra and the diatonic tonal system. ���R�R�j���Y�i���{X�[��f�va�;�. endobj The music of the Baroque came directly before the Classical period and many of its features flowed naturally into the newly emerging Classical period. 0000016570 00000 n endobj 0000000896 00000 n 0000011304 00000 n <> 7 0 obj 0000012763 00000 n <> In Renaissance music there was an emphasis on the equality of all voices used. h�b```b``��������A��b�,�oa`��NAH2� �ػ�뱇����2�l��`�����r �@c�O -��`iI~�3l&��2 S˜�]`�4X����/�,�=�;�\��)�;�2�0���\u/cp#�-@�!9�1a D�a@� ��*3 endstream endobj 87 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[17 42]/Length 20/Size 59/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream This resource is a teaching guide for Area of Study 1 for our A-level Music specification (7272). Religion was still a powerful force behind the Baroque zeitgeist, but it had nowhere near the amount of influence it did in earlier eras. Characteristics of Baroque Music; Characteristics of Romantic Era Music; Characteristics of Renaissance Era Music; Characteristics of Classical Music. 2. In order to make performance decisions such as these, a basic knowledge of Baroque harmony is vital, as is an appreciation of the practice of playing a dissonance more strongly than its resolution and of playing the bass note of a chord on the beat (as opposed to before the beat and the melody on the beat, as frequently done in the music of later periods). They arrange traditional music into the style of baroque, jazz, and psychedelic music. In a world convulsed by social upheaval, war, and religious conflict, the image of the vast play seemed to provide acertain stability. 0000035776 00000 n Baroque music places more of an emphasis on the prominent relationship between the individual bass and treble line than the Renaissance music that preceded it. Students identify musical characteristics of baroque, jazz, and psychedelic music. 1 0 obj Contrast as a dramatic element Contrast is an important ingredient in the drama of a Baroque composition. Although it was long thought that the word as a critical term was first applied to architecture, in fact it appears earlier in … One of the most dramatic turning points in the history of music occurred at the beginning of the 17th In the baroque era,, music was extensively written, performed and people still listen to that music. The Baroque style is characterized by exaggerated motion and clear detail used to produce drama, exuberance, and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature, dance, and music. Less than popular ideas fall by the wayside. Latin oratorio 4. Continuity of Rhythm •Patterns are repeated throughout a piece •provided energy and uninterrupted motion •beat is emphasized 10. endobj Trevor Dann discusses his influences as “avant-garde jazz, classical music, especially choral music, what we’d now call ‘world music’, and the blues” (p.13). Named the Godfather of Baroque music, Italy’s “Giulio Cesare Monteverdi coined the term secunda prattica in the preface to his brother Claudio’s Scherzi musicali of 1607,” (Smith, 1996) issuing in the Baroque period. Critical thinking questions 1. 0000002277 00000 n The new interest in music’s dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a wealth of new sound ideals in the Baroque period. 0000001159 00000 n 0000014162 00000 n The fugue is a type of polyphonic composition or compositional technique based on a principal theme (subject) and melodic lines (counterpoint) that imitate the principal theme.The fugue is believed to have developed from the canon which appeared during the 13th century. Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque Music Page 3 INTRODUCTION The first three periods of Western Music History are classified as Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque. 0000004530 00000 n What we discover when we look closely at the characteristics of this period of musical history is that flows as a natural progression from the one that came before. endobj The story of Baroque opera is a story of lavish splendour, of the exotic and spectacular, of the marvellous, of superstar singers with superstar egos and incomes, of intrigue and dodgy business dealings, and … some of the most sublime music ever written. Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. endobj <> Texture- balance of Homophonic (melody with chordal harmony) and polyphonic textures. These are the main things to listen out for: -The dynamics change suddenly. The new interest in music’s dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a wealth of new sound ideals in the Baroque period. Track 10 Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No.5, 3rd Movement – Baroque Track 11 Bumpin’ Along – country pop Track 12 Bach’s Badinerie – Baroque Track 13 Sunshine Calypso – reggae Play the four audio clips and have students identify the four Late Baroque Composers Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741): This Catholic priest (who taught music at a girls' orphanage) was the greatest violinist of the Baroque era. Some general characteristics of Baroque Music are: MELODY: A single melodic idea. Architecture and Music in the Baroque Period.pdf. All the composer wrote down beneath the melody was a bass line to be played bya low stringed instrument, such as a cello. Each period has its distinctive characteristics, historical and cultural background. A concise but highly detailed revision resource for the Baroque solo concerto, Classical Opera and Romantic Piano Music to suit AQA AS and A Level Music. - Composers developed new structures for organising music using modulation and contrast, e.g. • balance and clarity of structure: the prevailing thought was that “art imitates nature”. The Baroque Period is characterized by grand and elaborate ornamentation of sculptures, theaters, arts and music. What are the characteristics of Baroque music? 0000006830 00000 n Alessandro Scarlatti: Sedecia, re di Gerusalemme 1705 2. Track 10 Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No.5, 3rd Movement – Baroque Track 11 Bumpin’ Along – country pop Track 12 Bach’s Badinerie – Baroque Track 13 Sunshine Calypso – reggae Play the four audio clips and have students identify the four • Simplicity: Baroque music was too complex and “brainy” for most people. Knowledge organiser AoS4: Religious music of the Baroque period Area Features Pieces 1. Terminology. Figured Bass iii. •specific rhythms, melodic patterns, tempos, & keys were associated with specific moods •moods were called affections 9. x��V�n�8}7����, �ë|I��@�Y��>�}p�۩������k�$� /"Mrf�9�:��v>��* Many scholars have called Baroque music ordered, ornate, and increasingly emotional. What are the characteristics of Baroque music? Baroque music (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k / or US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. Baroque architecture is a construction style that began in the 16th century during the Baroque era. All your students need to study: Strand A (Baroque solo concerto) Strand B (The operas of Mozart) Strand C (The piano music of Chopin, Brahms and Grieg). This era was preceded by the renaissance era and was followed by the classical period. 4 0 obj Each bit is either loud or soft. He wrote over 500 concertos and 50 operas. Prominent French Baroque composers were Lully, Couperin and Rameau. Baroque music also had a certain grandeur and elegance. In terms of Western Art, the Baroque period followed the Renaissance and is broadly agreed to cover the years from 1600 until around 1750 when the Classical period began. Music became homophonic, meaning it was based on one melody with harmonic support coming from a keyboard player. endobj Members of the upper class were expected to have received musical training. The teacher should play 12 short excerpts of Baroque music featuring the most influential composers from the period. 0000035693 00000 n 3 0 obj Lesson Planet. This makes this AoS the perfect complement to the Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven of AoS1, and together with AoS5 (Programme music 1820-1910) or AoS6 (Innovations in music 1900 to the Baroque music (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k / or US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750. An entire piece of music reflected a single mood. Tracing the history of Western music in the church, one quickly realizes how muchchange sacred music has undertaken fromthe Old Testament to the Baroque Era. Many articles and reviews describe his music as having a baroque quality or influence. 59 0 obj <> endobj xref 59 30 0000000016 00000 n All your students need to study: Strand A (Baroque solo concerto) Strand B (The operas of Mozart) Strand C (The piano music of Chopin, Brahms and Grieg). Teaching guide: Area of study 1 (Baroque solo concerto) This resource is a teaching guide for Area of Study 1 for our A-level Music specification (7272). 5 0 obj 0000003906 00000 n A piece that projected a single mood b. It’s very heavily ornamented. a. Characteristics: i. Ornamentation - the addition of non-necessary musical flourishes ii. What is Baroque Music? <> Author content. Amid the chaotic sea of baroque music, there are hundreds of works that shine like beacons in the night. English Baroque composers include Byrd and Purcell. 10 0 obj Some general characteristics of Baroque Music are: Melody: A single melodic idea. Characteristics. Italian Baroque composers include Monteverdi, Corelli, Vivaldi and Scarlatti. 0000003031 00000 n Italian Catholic tradition 1. Characteristics of Baroque Music. Baroque composers believed that music was a powerful tool of communication and expression. This was called the 'basso continuo', but thecomposer expected another continuo player on harpsichord, organ or lute, to bu… Baroque keyboard music and dances. It refers especially to the rebirth of learning that began in Italy in the fourteenth century , spread to the north, includin g England, by the sixteenth century, and ended in the north in the mid-seventeenth century (it ended earlier in Italy). Baroque music is a term referring to music written and composed in the baroque era from approximately 1600 AD to 1750 AD. Practice tip: work for technical precision and clean execution. Characteristics of the Baroque Period. Reality and appearance, grandeur and asceticism, power and weakness stood as the constant yet oppositional characteristics of the era. <> George Handel For Students 6th - 8th. During the Baroque period, composers experimented with musical contrasts that differed greatly from the music of the Renaissance. 0000001472 00000 n This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era, with the galant style marking the transition between Baroque and Classical eras. <> Stile antico 3. %PDF-1.4 %���� Characteristics of Baroque Music. 9 0 obj This music became the staple of public concert halls for two hundred years. Early music is a broad musical era for the beginning of Western art music. Before the Baroque era, instrumental music was often a matter of function. 0000015577 00000 n I would describe baroque music as not extremely complex, but enjoyable. %PDF-1.5 During the Baroque period in England, the Metaphysical poets were particularly popular, and they share many characteristics with Baroque literature. The word "baroque" came from the Portuguese word barroco, meaning "misshapen pearl", an initially derisive characterization of the architectural style of this period; later, the name came to be applied also to its music. Have students listen to examples and take notes as desired to begin identifying what they are hearing in the examples. 'S������!�@DR Yet throughout the history, Christian music always seems to return to one thing. Truly unlike anything the world had seen up to its creation, Baroque music has many features that help mark a piece as Baroque. Music of the Baroque Essay 966 Words | 4 Pages. 0000004991 00000 n The main characteristics of Classical Music Lighter, cleaner texture than Baroque, less complicated; mainly homophonic – melody above chordal accompaniment (but counterpoint by no means forgotten). Imitative polyphony is the distinctive characteristic of Renaissance music. •V-I progression became standard. Baroque music also standardized the idea of tonality, in which a single tone in a musical scale is the central focus of the piece. Of communication and expression knowledge organiser AoS4: Religious music of the Baroque period in music characteristics of baroque music pdf the Renaissance became... Dramatic and rhetorical possibilities gave rise to a wealth of new sound ideals in the of. An Allegro tempo music composed from approximately 1600 AD to 1750 was originally played on the harpsichord has fewer... Appearance, grandeur and elegance written, performed and people still listen to examples and notes... 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